Quick Answer: What Are Proximal Factors?

What body parts are proximal?

Proximal – toward or nearest the trunk or the point of origin of a part (example, the proximal end of the femur joins with the pelvic bone).

Distal – away from or farthest from the trunk or the point or origin of a part (example, the hand is located at the distal end of the forearm)..

What are proximal determinants of health?

The proximal determinants, which act on both micro and macro levels, often include lifestyle or behavior (e.g. alcohol, fat, tobacco, fruit and vegetable consumption), and socioeconomic environment (including macro-economic measures such as wealth), demography (e.g. elderly proportion of the total population), physical …

What are the social determinants of diabetes?

Social determinants influencing the individual’s self-management of type 2 diabetes.Built environment/community infrastructure. … Economic stability. … Education. … Health care/access to medical care. … Culture/social and community support.

What is the difference between proximate and ultimate causation?

A proximate cause is an event which is closest to, or immediately responsible for causing, some observed result. This exists in contrast to a higher-level ultimate cause (or distal cause) which is usually thought of as the “real” reason something occurred.

What are distal causes?

A cause that underlies or is remote from the more obvious direct cause of a departure from good health. For example, atmospheric contamination with ozone-destroying substances, such as chlorofluorocarbon compounds, is a distal cause of skin cancer due to increased ultraviolet radiation flux.

What does distal end mean?

1 : situated away from the point of attachment or origin or a central point: as. a : located away from the center of the body the distal end of a bone — compare proximal sense 1a. b : located away from the mesial plane of the body — compare mesial sense 2.

What is an example of proximal?

Proximal: Toward the beginning, the nearer of two (or more) items. For example, the proximal end of the femur is part of the hip joint, and the shoulder is proximal to the elbow. The opposite of proximal is distal.

Which body part is most proximal?

hipYour hip would be more proximal, while your ankle would be more distal and your knee would be in the middle.

What is a distal factor?

A distal risk factor is a risk factor that represents an underlying vulnerability for a particular condition or event. This does not predict that the condition or event will definitely happen or that it will happen any time soon, but rather that a person may be at risk for the condition at some time in the future.

What is the difference between distal and proximal?

Distal is the opposite of proximal. Distal refers to distance, while proximal indicates proximity.

What are upstream determinants of health?

Upstream SDOH refers to the macro factors that comprise social-structural influences on health and health systems, government policies, and the social, physical, economic and environmental factors that determine health.

What are proximal and distal factors?

The chain of events leading to an adverse health outcome includes both proximal and distal causes — proximal factors act directly or almost directly to cause disease, and distal causes are further back in the causal chain and act via a number of intermediary causes (see Figure 2.2).

What are proximal variables?

Proximal factors are of particular interest because they are potentially more modifiable than are distal variables that include demographic statuses and long-standing historical or trait factors. Our selection of distal and proximal factors was guided by prior research.

What does proximal mean?

Proximal means nearer to the center (trunk of the body) or to the point of attachment to the body. If another reference point is given, such as the heart, the proximal point of another organ or extremity is the point closest to the heart, central rather than peripheral. Proximal is the opposite of distal.