Question: Why Did Some Chiefs Not Sign The Treaty Of Waitangi?

Who signed Treaty of Waitangi?

6 February 1840 More than 40 Māori chiefs signed a treaty with the British Crown in the Bay of Islands.

The Treaty of Waitangi remains controversial.

A week earlier, Captain William Hobson had landed at Kororāreka from HMS Herald and proclaimed himself lieutenant-governor of a colony that did not yet exist..

How was the Treaty of Waitangi broken?

It has been estimated that by 1909 at least 18 million acres of it was in individual ownership, almost none of it had been settled by Māori. In the 20th Century there was further loss of Māori land to the Crown through private and Government purchases and under the Public Works Act, that sometimes breached the Treaty.

Why is the Treaty of Waitangi so important?

Why the Treaty is important The Treaty governs the relationship between Māori – the tangata whenua (indigenous people) – and everyone else, and ensures the rights of both Māori and Pakeha (non-Māori) are protected. … requiring the Government to act reasonably and in good faith towards Māori.

Is the Treaty of Waitangi fair?

Colonists believed the Treaty of Waitangi was fair because it offered Māori the rights of British citizens. The signing of the Treaty made it easier for settlers to acquire land. … Pākehā took sides with Māori and were known as ‘philo-Māori’ or Pākehā–Māori.

What is Article 3 of the Treaty of Waitangi?

Article 3. In article 3, the Crown promised to Māori the benefits of royal protection and full citizenship. This text emphasises equality.

Why did the British want New Zealand?

Britain was motivated by the desire to forestall the New Zealand Company and other European powers (France established a very small settlement at Akaroa in the South Island later in 1840), to facilitate settlement by British subjects and, possibly, to end the lawlessness of European (predominantly British and American) …

How did the Treaty of Waitangi affect New Zealand business?

The Treaty of Waitangi (TOW) is New Zealand’s only treaty which was signed between the British Crown and the Maori chiefs as a covenant in the year 1840. … TOW also gives right to Maori to fish their waters and now they can do businesses such as Fisheries and export overseas which brings money into New Zealand economy.

How much land was confiscated after the New Zealand wars?

More than 1,200,000 hectares (3,000,000 acres) or 4.4 percent of land were confiscated, mainly in Waikato, Taranaki and the Bay of Plenty, but also in South Auckland, Hauraki, Te Urewera, Hawke’s Bay and the East Coast.

Why did the chiefs signed the Treaty of Waitangi?

Reasons why chiefs signed the treaty included wanting controls on sales of Māori land to Europeans, and on European settlers. They also wanted to trade with Europeans, and believed the new relationship with Britain would stop fighting between tribes.

What would’ve happened if the Treaty of Waitangi was not signed?

One easy answer is that we wouldn’t be commemorating on Friday its signing 175 years ago and billing it as our national day. Another easy answer is that with no treaty there would be no argument about whether, in signing the treaty, iwi ceded sovereignty, as the English version says. In the te reo version they didn’t.

Did all the chiefs signed the Treaty of Waitangi?

More than 500 chiefs, including a number of women, signed the Treaty of Waitangi. Nearly all signed a Māori-language copy. The exception was an English-language copy signed by 39 chiefs at Manukau Harbour and Waikato Heads. Each treaty copy was also signed by European witnesses who varied from place to place.

What did the Treaty of Waitangi agree to?

In the English version, Māori cede the sovereignty of New Zealand to Britain; Māori give the Crown an exclusive right to buy lands they wish to sell, and, in return, are guaranteed full rights of ownership of their lands, forests, fisheries and other possessions; and Māori are given the rights and privileges of British …

What was NZ like before the treaty?

The history of Māori migration and settlement in Aotearoa and the stories of Te Ao Māori (The Māori World) have been retained in the oral histories of each iwi (tribe) and hapu (sub-tribe). Histories of the Māori people are told in the creation stories.

Who did not sign treaties?

Tāraia Ngākuti, a chief of Ngāti Tamaterā in the Coromandel, was one of many notable chiefs who refused to sign the Treaty of Waitangi. Tāraia was a famous warrior and may have felt that signing would be beneath him.

What is Waitangi Day and why do we celebrate it?

Waitangi Day – 6 February – is Aotearoa New Zealand’s national holiday held to commemorate the signing of New Zealand’s founding document – the Treaty of Waitangi – in 1840. Waitangi Treaty Grounds is among New Zealand’s most historic places.

How many Māori chiefs in total signed the Treaty of Waitangi?

40 chiefsAbout 40 chiefs signed the Treaty of Waitangi on 6 February 1840. By the end of the year, about 500 other Māori, including 13 women, had put their names or moko to the document; all but 39 signed the Māori text.

Is the Treaty of Waitangi still valid today?

The Treaty of Waitangi was signed in 1840 and was an agreement between the British Crown and a large number of Māori chiefs. Today the Treaty is widely accepted to be a constitutional document that establishes and guides the relationship between the Crown in New Zealand (embodied by our government) and Māori.

What are the 3 principles of the Treaty of Waitangi?

The three “P’s”, as they are often referred to, are the principles of partnership, participation and protection. These underpin the relationship between the Government and Māori under the Treaty of Waitangi. These principles are derived from the underlying tenets of the Treaty.

What were the effects of the Treaty of Waitangi?

Many Europeans had no understanding of the concept of ownership of the land by the tribe. Māori also gradually realised that they were not free to sell their land to anyone, and that under the terms of the Treaty they could only sell to the government, and not to anyone else if the government did not want to buy it.

What does Tino Rangatiratanga mean?

Tino rangatiratanga is a Māori language term that is often translated as “absolute sovereignty”. It appears in the Māori version of the Treaty of Waitangi, signed by the British Crown and Māori chiefs (rangatira) in 1840.

Did Tainui sign the Treaty of Waitangi?

22 May 1995 Waikato–Tainui was the first iwi to reach an historical Treaty of Waitangi settlement with the Crown for injustices that went back to the wars and land confiscations (raupatu) of the 1860s. The Deed of Settlement included cash and land valued at a total of $170 million.